INNOVATIVE ORIENTED CLUSTER POLICY: POTENTIAL AND TARGETED INTERESTS OF THE REGIONS OF UKRAINE
The article defines the theoretical and genetic development of integration processes in modern regional management, taking into account the vectors of social progress, the combination of knowledge of economics, innovation, sociology, theory of markets and entrepreneurship. It is noted that integration processes always have a general or local effect, formal and informal manifestations, a positive or negative impact on the phenomena and processes of human activity, provide positive or negative dynamics of individual socio-economic phenomena and processes. It is integration as a driving force that forms the potential of society and the economy of the state and its territories.
The key factors of social progress, which led to the study of the integration process in the economy and management, have been identified: the accelerated formation of the world market and its influence on national economies, changing the boundaries of regions; consolidation, centralization and diversification of capital, accelerated diversification of production and services; mass production and its dependence on scientific and technological progress, environmental and social standards; territorial redistribution of the world, zones of economic influence and the latest formats of regionalization.
Attention is focused on the fact that the cluster, as a manifestation of economic integration in modern activities, sectoral and regional authorities, appears primary in the toolkit for stimulating markets, business, qualitative and quantitative improvement of the business environment, attracting investment, an instrument for balancing the interests of government and business. It is noted that clusters are the center of industrial policy, balance groups of regional interests, stimulate and correct regional development, accelerate the commercialization of national scientific achievements.
The following components of the regional clustering potential have been identified as: science and education; resource base; savings of enterprises and population; small and medium business and support infrastructure for small and medium business. Realization of the clustering potential should be based on a security system against existing risks, the construction of which can quickly form a platform for mutual actions, collective decision-making, organization and control measures. The managerial vision of the formation of the strategic goal of clustering is substantiated, taking into account the principles of consolidation and harmonization of key interests.